Czech Republic Holocaust Torah
The Jewish Community is honored to be entrusted with a Czech Republic Holocaust Torah from the Memorial Scrolls Trust in the United Kingdom.
Clicking this link http://www.memorialscrollstrust.org you can read about the history of this special Sefrei Torah. Under the heading “Our Story” choosing Bohemia and Moravia as a location.
The Memorial Scroll NO# MST840 is proudly displayed in our Sanctuary at the JCC. This particular Scroll may have originated in either Bohemia, Moravia, or Slovakia and was confiscated by the Germans during the Pogrom of the Sudetenland in November 1938.
Jews have lived in Bohemia and Moravia for more than a thousand years, and over that time a rich Jewish culture developed. As in most European countries, those Jewish communities were alternatively welcomed and expelled over the centuries and life was precarious. By the middle of the 19th Century they no longer suffered from residential, demographic or occupational restrictions.
Following the Munich Agreement of 29 September 1938, the Sudetenland was absorbed into Germany and their Jews expelled. Virtually all the synagogues and ritual artifacts in the Sudetenland, as in Germany, were totally destroyed in the November 1938 Pogrom.
The Nazis invaded Bohemia and Moravia in March 1939, causing little destruction, possibly as they wished to benefit from the Czech armaments industry. However, the Nazis immediately took over Jewish businesses and property, forcing the congregations to close, and, as elsewhere, using the Jewish community administration to enforce their demands and decrees.
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